Left Ventricular Dimensions

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The Left Ventricle

Example: Measurement end - Diastolic wall thickness (red) + LV diameter (green)

Each echocardiogram includes an evaluation of the LV dimensions, wall thicknesses and function.

Good measurements are essential and may have implications for therapy. The LV dimensions must be measured when the end-diastolic and end-systolic valves (MV and AoV) are closed in the parasternal long axis (PLAX) view. The measurement is performed in the basal portion of the LV by the chordae.

Left ventricular dimensions

Women Men
Reference range Mildly abnormal Moderately abnormal Severely abnormal Reference range Mildly abnormal Moderately abnormal Severely abnormal
LV dimension
LV diastolic diameter, cm 3.9–5.3 5.4–5.7 5.8–6.1 ≥6.2 4.2–5.9 6.0–6.3 6.4–6.8 ≥6.9
LV diastolic diameter/BSA, cm/m2 2.4–3.2 3.3–3.4 3.5–3.7 ≥3.8 2.2–3.1 3.2–3.4 3.5–3.6 ≥3.7
LV diastolic diameter/height, cm/m 2.5–3.2 3.3–3.4 3.5–3.6 ≥3.7 2.4–3.3 3.4–3.5 3.6–3.7 ≥3.8
LV volume
LV diastolic volume, mL 56–104 105–117 118–130 ≥131 67–155 156–178 179–201 ≥201
LV diastolic volume/BSA, mL/m2 35–75 76–86 87–96 ≥97 35–75 76–86 87–96 ≥97
LV systolic volume, mL 19–49 50–59 60–69 ≥70 22–58 59–70 71–82 ≥83
LV systolic volume/BSA, mL/m2 12–30 31–36 37–42 ≥43 12–30 31–36 37–42 ≥43
  • BSA, body surface area; LV, left ventricular.
  • Bold values: Recommended and best validated.[1]

Left ventricular geometry and mass

Women Men
Reference range Mildly abnormal Moderately abnormal Severely abnormal Reference range Mildly abnormal Moderately abnormal Severely abnormal
Linear Method
LV mass, g 67–162 163–186 187–210 ≥211 88–224 225–258 259–292 ≥293
LV mass/BSA, g/m2 43–95 96–108 109–121 ≥122 49–115 116–131 132–148 ≥149
LV mass/height, g/m 41–99 100–115 116–128 ≥129 52–126 127–144 145–162 ≥163
LV mass/height2, g/m2 18–44 45–51 52–58 ≥59 20–48 49–55 56–63 ≥64
Relative wall thickness, cm 0.22–0.42 0.43–0.47 0.48–0.52 ≥0.53 0.24–0.42 0.43–0.46 0.47–0.51 ≥0.52
Septal thickness, cm 0.6–0.9 1.0–1.2 1.3–1.5 ≥1.6 0.6–1.0 1.1–1.3 1.4–1.6 ≥1.7
Posterior wall thickness, cm 0.6–0.9 1.0–1.2 1.3–1.5 ≥1.6 0.6–1.0 1.1–1.3 1.4–1.6 ≥1.7
2D Method
LV mass, g 66–150 151–171 172–182 >193 96–200 201–227 228–254 >255
LV mass/BSA, g/m2 44–88 89–100 101–112 ≥113 50–102 103–116 117–130 ≥131
  • BSA, body surface area; LV, left ventricular.
  • Bold values: Recommended and best validated.[1]
  • Click here for calculation of LV mass.

References

  1. Echocardiographic derived measures are reported as internal diameter. Armstrong WF, Ryan, T, "Evaluation of systolic function of the left ventricle" in "Feigenbaum's Echocardiography", 7th ed, Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, p.123. [1]
  2. Lang RM, Bierig M, Devereux RB, Flachskampf FA, Foster E, Pellikka PA, Picard MH, Roman MJ, Seward J, Shanewise J, Solomon S, Spencer KT, St John Sutton M, Stewart W, American Society of Echocardiography's Nomenclature and Standards Committee., Task Force on Chamber Quantification., American College of Cardiology Echocardiography Committee., American Heart Association., and European Association of Echocardiography, European Society of Cardiology.. Recommendations for chamber quantification. Eur J Echocardiogr. 2006 Mar;7(2):79-108. DOI:10.1016/j.euje.2005.12.014 | PubMed ID:16458610 | HubMed [2]